Lifestyle Medicine (LM) requires a comprehensive understanding of nutrition, from biochemistry to the grocery store and kitchen, and through to evidence-based recommendations. Nutritional medicine is a fundamental part of lifestyle medicine.
An unhealthy diet is one of the major risk factors for a range of chronic diseases and disorders, including cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and other conditions linked to obesity. Hyperglycaemia (high blood glucose), hyperinsulinaemia (high blood insulin) from the over-consumption of processed carbohydrates and simple sugars are implicated in metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, and the accumulation of the advanced glycation end-products.
Human nutritional recommendations for a healthy diet include: eating more fruit, vegetables, legumes and nuts; cutting down on salt, sugar, processed meat and the wrong type of fats. WHO have recently initiated a campaign for the global elimination of trans fats by 2023.
Improving dietary habits is a societal, not just an individual problem. Therefore it demands a population-based, multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary, and culturally relevant approach. Improving dietary habits is a Lifestyle Medicine priority.